Breastfeeding Education

  1. Perform hand hygiene.
  2. Verify the patient's identity using two patient identifiers in accordance with institutional policy.
  3. Explore the four basic breastfeeding positions (outlined below) to determine which position(s) will work best for the mother and infant.
  4. Position the infant at the patient's breast, ensuring that the infant's ear, shoulder, and hip are in a straight line.
  5. Instruct the patient to touch her nipple to the infant's lower lip.
  6. Once the infant's mouth is open wide, instruct the patient to quickly pull the infant into latch position.
  7. Ensure a proper latch.
  8. Instruct the patient to breastfeed the infant at both breasts during a session, spending 10 to 30 minutes at each breast.
  9. Instruct the patient to help ensure proper release of the infant from the breast by inserting a finger between the infant's jaws to break the suction before removing the infant from the breast.
  10. Instruct the patient to try burping the infant before switching to the other breast and at the end of the breastfeeding session. (Do not insist that the infant burp at each feeding.)
  11. Perform hand hygiene.
  12. Document the procedure in the patient's record.