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Distraction for Pain Management

  1. Assess for signs and symptoms of pain; determine pain characteristics and intensity.
  2. Assess patient’s willingness and ability to receive nonpharmacologic pain relief.
  3. Have patient close eyes or focus on single object in room.
  4. Instruct patient to concentrate on slow, rhythmic breathing.
  5. Demonstrate technique so that patient can mimic action.
  6. Continue distraction with chosen activity, such as playing patient’s preferred music; having patient give detailed account of an event or story; or engaging patient in conversation with nurse, family members, or visitors.